Polyploidy spectrum: a new marker in HCC classification

Nom de la revue
Myriam Bou-Nader, Stefano Caruso, Romain Donne, Séverine Celton-Morizur, Julien Calderaro, Géraldine Gentric, Mathilde Cadoux, Antoine L’Hermitte, Christophe Klein, Thomas Guilbert, Miguel Albuquerque, Gabrielle Couchy, Valérie Paradis, Jean-Pierre Couty, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Chantal Desdouets

ObjectivesPolyploidy is a fascinating characteristic of liver parenchyma. Hepatocyte polyploidy depends on the DNA content of each nucleus (nuclear ploidy) and the number of nuclei per cell (cellular ploidy). Which role can be assigned to polyploidy during human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development is still an open question. Here, we investigated whether a specific ploidy spectrum is associated with clinical and molecular features of HCC.DesignPloidy spectra were determined on surgically resected tissues from patients with HCC as well as healthy control tissues. To define ploidy profiles, a quantitative and qualitative in situ imaging approach was used on paraffin tissue liver sections.ResultsWe first demonstrated that polyploid hepatocytes are the major components of human liver parenchyma, polyploidy being mainly cellular (binuclear hepatocytes). Across liver lobules, polyploid hepatocytes do not exhibit a specific zonation pattern. During liver tumorigenesis, cellular ploidy is drastically reduced; binuclear polyploid hepatocytes are barely present in HCC tumours. Remarkably, nuclear ploidy is specifically amplified in HCC tumours. In fact, nuclear ploidy is amplified in HCCs harbouring a low degree of differentiation and TP53 mutations. Finally, our results demonstrated that highly polyploid tumours are associated with a poor prognosis.ConclusionsOur results underline the importance of quantification of cellular and nuclear ploidy spectra during HCC tumorigenesis.