Clinical study - Sein Néoadjuvant
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in females in the world. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is increasingly used in patients with operable breast cancer to enhance the likelihood of breast conservation. New generation of treatments or combinations lead to a high rate of pathological complete responses (pCR) in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2) and triple negative tumours. Safe omission of surgery in patients who receive NAC and achieve radiologic complete response depends on the ability to accurately estimate pCR preoperatively.;If pathological complete response after NAC could be accurately assessed by VAB, surgery could be avoided. In the context of new treatments or combinations with an increased pCR rate, this new strategy could induce major changes in clinical practice, leading to breast surgery de-escalation.