Deciphering the spatial landscape and plasticity of immunosuppressive fibroblasts in breast cancer

Nom de la revue
Nature Communications
Hugo Croizer, Rana Mhaidly, Yann Kieffer, Geraldine Gentric, Lounes Djerroudi, Renaud Leclere, Floriane Pelon, Catherine Robley, Mylene Bohec, Arnaud Meng, Didier Meseure, Emanuela Romano, Sylvain Baulande, Agathe Peltier, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Fatima Mechta-Grigoriou

AbstractAlthough heterogeneity of FAP+ Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAF) has been described in breast cancer, their plasticity and spatial distribution remain poorly understood. Here, we analyze trajectory inference, deconvolute spatial transcriptomics at single-cell level and perform functional assays to generate a high-resolution integrated map of breast cancer (BC), with a focus on inflammatory and myofibroblastic (iCAF/myCAF) FAP+ CAF clusters. We identify 10 spatially-organized FAP+ CAF-related cellular niches, called EcoCellTypes, which are differentially localized within tumors. Consistent with their spatial organization, cancer cells drive the transition of detoxification-associated iCAF (Detox-iCAF) towards immunosuppressive extracellular matrix (ECM)-producing myCAF (ECM-myCAF) via a DPP4- and YAP-dependent mechanism. In turn, ECM-myCAF polarize TREM2+ macrophages, regulatory NK and T cells to induce immunosuppressive EcoCellTypes, while Detox-iCAF are associated with FOLR2+ macrophages in an immuno-protective EcoCellType. FAP+ CAF subpopulations accumulate differently according to the invasive BC status and predict invasive recurrence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), which could help in identifying low-risk DCIS patients eligible for therapeutic de-escalation.