Extracellular vesicles shed by follicular lymphoma B cells promote polarization of the bone marrow stromal cell niche

Nom de la revue
Erwan Dumontet, Céline Pangault, David Roulois, Matthis Desoteux, Simon Léonard, Tony Marchand, Maelle Latour, Patricia Legoix, Damarys Loew, Florent Dingli, Joelle Dulong, Erwan Flecher, Cédric Coulouarn, Guillaume Cartron, Thierry Fest, Karin Tarte

Follicular lymphoma (FL) originates in the lymph nodes (LNs) and infiltrates bone marrow (BM) early in the course of the disease. BM FL B cells are characterized by a lower cytological grade, decreased proliferation, and a specific phenotypic and subclonal profile. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) obtained from FL BM display a specific gene expression profile (GEP), including enrichment for a lymphoid stromal cell signature, and an increased capacity to sustain FL B-cell growth. However, the mechanisms triggering the formation of the medullar FL permissive stromal niche have not been identified. In the current work, we demonstrate that FL B cells produce extracellular vesicles (EVs) that can be internalized by BM-MSCs, making them more efficient to support FL B-cell survival and quiescence. Accordingly, EVs purified from FL BM plasma activate transforming growth factor β–dependent and independent pathways in BM-MSCs and modify their GEP, triggering an upregulation of factors classically associated with hematopoietic stem cell niche, including CXCL12 and angiopoietin-1. Moreover, we provide the first characterization of BM FL B-cell GEP, allowing the definition of the landscape of molecular interactions they could engage with EV-primed BM-MSCs. This work identifies FL-derived EVs as putative mediators of BM stroma polarization and supports further investigation of their clinical interest for targeting the crosstalk between BM-MSCs and malignant B cells.