Genome-wide association study identifies multiple new loci associated with Ewing sarcoma susceptibility

Nom de la revue
Nature Communications
Mitchell J. Machiela, Thomas G. P. Grünewald, Didier Surdez, Stephanie Reynaud, Olivier Mirabeau, Eric Karlins, Rebeca Alba Rubio, Sakina Zaidi, Sandrine Grossetete-Lalami, Stelly Ballet, Eve Lapouble, Valérie Laurence, Jean Michon, Gaelle Pierron, Heinrich Kovar, Nathalie Gaspar, Udo Kontny, Anna González-Neira, Piero Picci, Javier Alonso, Ana Patino-Garcia, Nadège Corradini, Perrine Marec Bérard, Neal D. Freedman, Nathaniel Rothman, Casey L. Dagnall, Laurie Burdett, Kristine Jones, Michelle Manning, Kathleen Wyatt, Weiyin Zhou, Meredith Yeager, David G. Cox, Robert N. Hoover, Javed Khan, Gregory T. Armstrong, Wendy M. Leisenring, Smita Bhatia, Leslie L. Robison, Andreas E. Kulozik, Jennifer Kriebel, Thomas Meitinger, Markus Metzler, Wolfgang Hartmann, Konstantin Strauch, Thomas Kirchner, Uta Dirksen, Lindsay M. Morton, Lisa Mirabello, Margaret A. Tucker, Franck Tirode, Stephen J. Chanock, Olivier Delattre

AbstractEwing sarcoma (EWS) is a pediatric cancer characterized by the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion. We performed a genome-wide association study of 733 EWS cases and 1346 unaffected individuals of European ancestry. Our study replicates previously reported susceptibility loci at 1p36.22, 10q21.3 and 15q15.1, and identifies new loci at 6p25.1, 20p11.22 and 20p11.23. Effect estimates exhibit odds ratios in excess of 1.7, which is high for cancer GWAS, and striking in light of the rarity of EWS cases in familial cancer syndromes. Expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analyses identify candidate genes at 6p25.1 (RREB1) and 20p11.23 (KIZ). The 20p11.22 locus is near NKX2-2, a highly overexpressed gene in EWS. Interestingly, most loci reside near GGAA repeat sequences and may disrupt binding of the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion protein. The high locus to case discovery ratio from 733 EWS cases suggests a genetic architecture in which moderate risk SNPs constitute a significant fraction of risk.